Designing a Landscape Garden for Darwin’s Climate
When designing a garden one of the first considerations is the local climate – Darwin’s climate is tropical savannah. This climate affects how you landscape for Darwin gardens and especially what plants to grow. Here are our Darwin Landscaping Ideas and Tips.
Darwin has a tropical savannah climate with distinct wet and dry seasons and the average maximum temperature is similar all year round. The dry season runs from May to September (the southern hemisphere winter), during which nearly every day is warm and sunny, and afternoon humidity averages around 30%.
There is very little rainfall between May and September. In the coolest months of June and July, the daily minimum temperature may dip as low as 14 °C, but very rarely lower, and frost has never been recorded.
The wet season is associated with tropical cyclones, monsoon rains and severe hurricanes.The majority of rainfall occurs between December and March (the southern hemisphere summer), when thunderstorms are common and afternoon relative humidity averages over 70 percent during the wettest months.It does not rain every day during the wet season, but most days are warm to hot with plentiful cloud cover; January averages under 6 hours of bright sunshine daily. Darwin’s highest Bureau of Meteorology verified daily rainfall total is 367.6 millimetres, which fell when Cyclone Carlos bore down on the Darwin area on 16 February 2011.February 2011 was also Darwin’s wettest month ever recorded, with 1,110.2 millimetres recorded for the month at the airport.
The hottest month is November, just before the onset of the main rainy season. Because of its long dry season, Darwin has the most daily average sunshine hours (8.4) of any Australian capital with the most sunshine from April to November. The sun passes directly overhead in mid October and mid February. Climatically Darwin has more in common with Singapore than Sydney because it sits well inside the tropical zone.
Darwin Landscape Garden Design Ideas
Darwin gardens are heavily focused on outdoor living. There is generally a large outdoor area dedicated to entertaining and generally hanging out and enjoying the sun and outdoors. Pergolas and paved areas are common place in the Darwin landscape garden. Adding to the outdoor appeal is the strong use of water features. Water has a soothing effect both visually and aurally. The sound of a gently trickling water feature is most relaxing.
Darwin Landscaping also often involves an informal relaxed layout with the use of curves and rounded garden beds and structures. Plantings are also often relaxed groupings rather than straight hedges.
Australian gardens have a certain feel, a sense of place, there are several elements that help evoke this sense of place; Natural plant groupings, your plants should be clumped as they would be in nature, use random groupings, numbers and arrangements. The use of timber helps give a sense of Australiana, timber sleepers, timber steps, timber decking all help achieve an natural feel. Crushed granite, or sandstone is another lovely garden element to include in a garden, it gives a soft appearance to garden pathways. All these elements can be easily achieved by a DIY gardener.
Natural stone is often used in a Darwin landscape. Sandstone can be used in a number of ways, stepping stones, stone walls or simply as feature boulders in the garden to add strength to the layout and design.
Darwin Landscape Design
Ensure that your Darwin landscape design is an open, free form style. Avoid rigid straight lines and formal hedges. Try and add contrasting clumps of foliage to create interest and excitement to the planting design. Native grasses planted in clumps is a lovely effect. Water is often used in a Darwin garden design, a simple pond of water feature can transform a garden space. Winding, flowing pathways and garden rooms add a sense of intrigue to any garden. Pathways are often made up of natural stepping stones, or recycled sleepers to give an added rustic feel. A dry river bed or creek is another interesting element that can add some interest to your garden layout. River pebbles laid out to mimic a river bed is a simple and effect landscape feature.
Common Darwin Garden Plants
Selecting native plants is generally wise for an Australian garden, however there are many exotic plant species that will grow well in Darwin. Here is a list of some common Darwin plants – including native trees, shrubs, grasses, under story plants and ground covers;
Blue Fescue Grass
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