Designing a Landscape Garden for Adelaide’s Climate
When designing a garden one of the first considerations is the local climate – Adelaide’s climate is Mediterranean. This climate affects how you landscape for Adelaide gardens and especially what plants to grow. Here are our Adelaide Landscaping Ideas and Tips.
Adelaide has a hot Mediterranean climate which generally means cool, rainy wet winters and hot, dry summers. Of all the Australian capital cities, Adelaide is the driest. Rainfall is unreliable, light and infrequent throughout summer. The average in January and February is around 20 millimetres but completely rainless months are by no means uncommon and in 1893 sixty-nine days passed without measurable rainfall. In opposing contrast, the winter has fairly reliable rainfall with June being the wettest month of the year, averaging around 80 mm.
In the summer, the average maximum is 29 °C but there is considerable variation and Adelaide can usually expect around 3 days a year when the daytime temperature is 40 °C or above. In January 1939, the temperature reached 46.1 °C twice. From 3 March 2008, Adelaide recorded 15 consecutive days of temperatures over 35 °C, again a record for an Australian capital. In winter from June to August, the average maximum is 15–16 °C and minimum is usually around 8 °C. Frosts are common in the valleys of the Adelaide Hills, but rare elsewhere. There is usually no appreciable snowfall in Adelaide, except on rare occasions at Mount Lofty and in some towns in the Adelaide Hills.
Adelaide Landscape Garden Design Ideas
Adelaide gardens are heavily focused on outdoor living. There is generally a large outdoor area dedicated to entertaining and generally hanging out and enjoying the sun and outdoors. Pergolas and paved areas are common place in the Adelaide landscape garden. Adding to the outdoor appeal is the strong use of water features. Water has a soothing effect both visually and aurally. The sound of a gently trickling water feature is most relaxing.
Adelaide Landscaping also often involves an informal relaxed layout with the use of curves and rounded garden beds and structures. Plantings are also often relaxed groupings rather than straight hedges.
Australian gardens have a certain feel, a sense of place, there are several elements that help evoke this sense of place; Natural plant groupings, your plants should be clumped as they would be in nature, use random groupings, numbers and arrangements. The use of timber helps give a sense of Australiana, timber sleepers, timber steps, timber decking all help achieve an natural feel. Crushed granite, or sandstone is another lovely garden element to include in a garden, it gives a soft appearance to garden pathways. All these elements can be easily achieved by a DIY gardener.
Natural stone is often used in a Adelaide landscape. Sandstone can be used in a number of ways, stepping stones, stone walls or simply as feature boulders in the garden to add strength to the layout and design.
Adelaide Landscape Design
Ensure that your Adelaide landscape design is an open, free form style. Avoid rigid straight lines and formal hedges. Try and add contrasting clumps of foliage to create interest and excitement to the planting design. Native grasses planted in clumps is a lovely effect. Water is often used in a Adelaide garden design, a simple pond of water feature can transform a garden space. Winding, flowing pathways and garden rooms add a sense of intrigue to any garden. Pathways are often made up of natural stepping stones, or recycled sleepers to give an added rustic feel. A dry river bed or creek is another interesting element that can add some interest to your garden layout. River pebbles laid out to mimic a river bed is a simple and effect landscape feature.
Common Adelaide Garden Plants
Selecting native plants is generally wise for an Australian garden, however there are many exotic plant species that will grow well in Adelaide . Here is a list of some common Adelaide plants – including native trees, shrubs, grasses, under story plants and ground covers;
Blue Fescue Grass
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